This is a public collection of knowledge funded and/or published by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation (WKKF). Views, opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in these publications are those of the authors and their respective organizations. They do not necessarily reflect the views, policies or positions of WKKF.

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Community Impact

December 23, 2021

The Buckeye Institution-Supported Agriculture (ISA) Project was funded by a $750,000 grant from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. The grant was in recognition of AMP's role in the grassroots formation of the Initiative for Food and AgriCultural Transformation (InFACT) at The Ohio State University, and the commitment that the University made in its sustainability goals. The original goals of Buckeye ISA were: - To leverage Ohio State's goal to increase production and purchase of locally and sustainably sourced food to 40% by 2025 in order to promote more urban farming in economically disadvantaged local communities by providing access to tools, seeds and expertise. - To provide training and workshops to Buckeye ISA households through the Ohio State Franklin County Extension program. - To partner with Nationwide Children's Hospital to use biometric screenings of children and adults from participating households to compare their health before and after participation in the growing and home use of produce through the project. - To streamline the process of aggregating and distributing produce from small producers like households to large institutions like Ohio State. Initiated in 2017, Buckeye ISA sought to create a network of at least 100 low-income households with young children, particularly in communities of color, that grow produce for their own use but also with the option of producing enough to sell to Ohio State, or other outlets. The W.K. Kellogg Foundation's mission is "to create conditions for vulnerable children so they can realize their full potential in school, work and life." When the W.K. Kellogg grant for the Buckeye ISA project was awarded, one of the requirements was that each household involved must have children between 2 and 8 years old. In four years, Buckeye ISA has built a robust network of 6 (originally 7) community liaisons, 3 corporate and 23 non-profit partners to support 126 gardening and farming households with multiple produce selling opportunities at their disposal. 

Food Systems

Living Cities Blended Catalyst Fund 2021 Annual Report

November 9, 2021

This report summarizes Living Cities Blended Catalyst Fund's ("BCF" or the "Fund") activities during its sixth year of operations, from July 1, 2020, through June 30, 2021 (FY21). During this fiscal year, the BCF Team fully committed the Fund as of March 31, 2021 reaching 26 investments totaling $33.5MM. The latter half of the BCF investments have been aligned with the iterated investment thesis we articulated in 2018, which was to focus on closing racial wealth gaps, and specifically to lend to organizations and intermediaries that are: (1) Managed and/or owned by people of color. (2) Finding alternative ways of creating income and wealth-building opportunities for people of color, primarily by providing increased access to capital. This includes entities that have created alternative underwriting methodologies to create a more inclusive credit box; that are providing more flexible capital, with different types of terms and through alternative fund structures; and that are providing advisory services, technical assistance, and other types of support to entrepreneurs of color. (3) Building the ecosystem for entrepreneurs and managers of color. We thank you for your support and are excited to begin to explore and share lessons learned as our portfolio continues to mature. Additionally, the Living Cities Catalyst Funds were named to the ImpactAssets 50 (IA50), an impact investing showcase featuring fund managers that deliver social, environmental, and financial returns, for the tenth consecutive year in February 2021. The IA50 is the first open-source, publicly published database of exceptional impact investing fund managers. Living Cities has been included in the IA50 every year since IA50's inception.

Nusenda Federal Credit Union - Website

April 28, 2021

Access to financial assistance can mean the difference between a business succeeding – or closing its doors. Entrepreneurs that have no access to collateral, are credit-challenged, or lack support of alternative financing, face many barriers in securing capital to start or expand businesses. Our Co-op Capital relationship-based, micro-lending program was created as a solution to financially empower these individuals, and spur economic development.The Co-op Capital program flips the traditional lending model and bases lending on trusted relationships between partner organizations – such as nonprofits, community organizations, and educational institutions – and individuals in the communities they serve.While character-based, community circle micro-lending is not new, especially internationally, the practice of offering loans through member organizations versus a traditional banking institution is a largely untried model in the United States.This program has been called "the alternative to the alternatives" as it does not require credit, collateral, or status; and shifts the decision-making authority to community organizations, nonprofits, and institutions based on character, goals, and determination – so entrepreneurs can build businesses that succeed. This award-winning program was successfully implemented through our partnership with La Montañita Food Co-op, which has provided capital to their small business suppliers. In 2016, this program expanded to include three new partnerships. With the support of the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, City Alive, and Living Cities, the Co-op Capital model continues widening access to financial assistance for low-income entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs of color. Organizations working in partnership with Nusenda to implement Co-op Capital include: Family Independence Initiative, Partnership for Community Action, Cultivating Coders, Native Community Finance, South Valley Economic Development Center, UNM Innovation Academy, and Three Sisters Kitchen.

Big Cities Health Coalition Annual Report 2020

April 2, 2021

Big city health departments made a huge impact in 2020. Faced with a once-in-a-century pandemic, funding shortages, and political pressures, public health leaders worked tirelessly to protect the health of their jurisdictions. In our 2020 Annual Report, we highlight just a few of the countless ways that we worked with members to advance equity and health in our cities.

Iowa Food and Fitness

January 1, 2021

Join the growing number of people in Allamakee, Chickasaw, Clayton, Fayette, Howard and Winneshiek counties working together to create vibrant communities where the healthy choice is the easy choice.  Watch our latest video on how we do this work, TOGETHER. The healthy choice means that every day all people in NE Iowa have access to healthy, locally grown foods and abundant opportunities for physical activity and play.  Food and fitness is important  because no matter where we are, the places where we live, learn, work and play affect our health and quality of life.  Join us.  Take the FFI Health Pledge.This effort is part of the W.K. Kellogg Foundation Food & Community program.  Food & Community invests in community-driven policy and system change projects. 

Food Systems

Grand Rapids Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Assessment

October 20, 2020

In Winter 2020, the W.K. Kellogg Foundation engaged Regionerate LLC to assess the Grand Rapids Entrepreneurial Ecosystem. The goal of the project was to better understand current assets in the startup and small business ownership community related to innovation, talent, place-building, access to capital, entrepreneurship education and training, and small business assistance.This report presents initial findings and recommendations designed to build capacity for entrepreneurs of all types and sizes with a special focus on increasing underrepresented minority business participation in the historically high-growth economy of Grand Rapids. In order to foster a strong entrepreneurial network and attract additional outside resources, Regionerate offers high-level findings and recommendations to guide WKKF and other investors in: (1) delivering programs that broadly serve the entire network; (2) piloting programs that fill demonstrated gaps in the ecosystem and ultimately spin into the network; and (3) funding or scaling established powerful programs to reach more entrepreneurs.Evaluation ObjectiveThe purpose of the evaluation is to provide an objective, third-party perspective on the Entrepreneurial Ecosystem, including the current resource providers, resource connectivity, and gaps for stages of business development and growth. 

Insights & Lessons from Truth & Reconciliation Commissions

October 1, 2020

Across the world, Truth and Reconciliation Commissions have been implemented more than 40 times. This publication describes some of those historical efforts, in the United States and internationally, to confront some of the most egregious examples of oppression. It was originally compiled in 2015 as a source of insight and lessons for those who co-developed the W.K. Kellogg Foundation's Truth, Racial Healing & Transformation (TRHT) framework, recommendations and implementation guidebook.

Truth, Racial Healing & Transformation: Resources & Lessons from Three Years of Community Collaboration

August 1, 2020

As 14 TRHT places approach the fourth year of implementation, these seven knowledge briefs share progress on what has been learned so far in the 14 TRHT places – offering a glimpse into the opportunities, nuances and complexities of implementing a community-based TRHT.

Racial Equity and Healing

Economic Inclusion in Grand Rapids

April 1, 2020

This report presents an updated review of progress toward economic inclusion in the Grand Rapids, Mich.area. It summarizes the changes between data reported by Dr. Mark White of the Center for Regional Analysisat George Mason University and the Center for Regional Economic Competitiveness in Addressing Economic Inclusion in Grand Rapids (2016) and the most recently available data obtained from public sources — primarily comparing data from 2014 to 2018. Data are displayed in various geographic groupings and disaggregated by demographic characteristics for comparison. This report, sponsored by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation (WKKF), is intended to aid ongoing strategy development for promoting inclusive growth in the Grand Rapids area.

Racial Equity and Healing

Economic Inclusion in Grand Rapids Data Update - Executive Summary

April 1, 2020

This report presents an updated review of progress toward economic inclusion in the Grand Rapids, Michigan area. It summarizes the changes between data reported by Dr. Mark White of the Center for Regional Analysisat George Mason University and the Center for Regional Economic Competitiveness in Addressing EconomicInclusion in Grand Rapids (2016) and the most recently available data obtained from public sources — primarily comparing data from 2014 to 2018. Data are displayed in various geographic groupings and disaggregated by demographic characteristics for comparison. This report, sponsored by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation (WKKF), is intended to aid ongoing strategy development for promoting inclusive growth in the Grand Rapids area.

Racial Equity and Healing

East Biloxi Needs Assessment

March 10, 2020

OVERVIEWIn 2012, the East Biloxi Community Collaborative (EBCC) was established in an effort to create a platform to develop and implement strategies designed to improve the lives of residents in East Biloxi. The mission of the EBCC is to "create a healthy, vibrant and sustainable East Biloxi with improved outcomes for all children and families by working to develop a better place to live, work, and play." As East Biloxi positions for change, it is imperative that efforts be made to ensure an equitable opportunity for all residents to thrive and reach their full potential.TAKING ACTIONTo begin working on creating a sustainable East Biloxi and breaking down barriers, the EBCC commissioned Mississippi Urban Research Center at Jackson State University to conduct the Community Needs Assessment (CNA). True community buy-in and participation is needed in order to ensure the programmatic focus areas of EBCC meet to capture the needs of residents in the area. The project's major goal was to gather data and input from area residents and other concerned parties regarding key needs, priorities, issues, and other relevant factors impacting the quality of life in East Biloxi. This report presents the findings from the EBCC CNA.THE APPROACHEast Biloxi Community Collaborative conducted a comprehensive needs assessment that considered all aspects of the area between March 2019 and September 2019. The team met with numerous stakeholders from the community to draw on as many perspectives as possible and to confirm trends by collecting multiple data sources including secondary data, surveying residents, community forums, and focus groups. The findings from this report collectively incorporate both quantitative and qualitative data in an effort to provide a rich and meaningful analysis.KEY FINDINGSThe following report integrates the collective input from the community needs assessment survey, Kick-off event, focus groups with residents, business owners (non-residents), and youth, and the youth photovoice project. Focus group participants were recruited and organized into the following categories: (1) Young adults age 18 to 30 years old; (2) Cross-sector of Community Representatives (i.e., Service Providers, Business Owners, Individuals); and (3) Community residents. EBCC's data analysis from 305 surveys and 3 focus groups revealed the top five priorities for the East Biloxi community are: access to healthy foods, health/healthcare, employment, affordable quality housing, and improvements to public infrastructure. Each priority area was then compared with "needs" based on findings from the data.The identified priority areas were also the same as top five "needs," with more programs for youth being an additional need. For each priority area, the report provides an overview of current relevant research, an analysis of the current structure, specific areas for improvement, and detailed recommendations to achieve improvement

Disrupting the Drivers of Inequity in Biloxi: Assessing Federal Opportunity Zones

March 1, 2020

As wages have stagnated for the majority of workers in the U.S. and inequality has skyrocketed, racial inequity has grown. Since the late 1970s, the racial wealth gap has reached critical levels. In Biloxi, Mississippi, the inequities are deep, leaving many Black and Latinx households facing racial and geographic barriers to economic opportunity. Yet, communities of color have been driving the city's population growth and spurring change and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. This diversity can be a tremendous economic asset for the city if people of color are fully included as workers, entrepreneurs, and innovators. Knowing where the city stands in terms of equity—just and fair inclusion into a society in which all can participate, prosper, and reach their full potential—is the first This research brief draws from data in the National Equity Atlas—an online resource for data to track, measure, and make the case for inclusive growth in America's cities, regions, states, and nationwide.The USC Program for Environmental and Regional Equity (PERE) provides forward-looking, actionable research to support community-based organizations, funders, and other stakeholders working towards social, racial, economic and environmental justice. James Crowder Jr. and Justin Scoggins March 2020 2 step in planning for a brighter future for all Biloxians. To that end, the East Biloxi Community Collaborative (EBCC) partnered with the National Equity Atlas, a partnership between PolicyLink and the University of Southern California Program for Environmental and Regional Equity (PERE), to better understand the landscape for inclusive growth in the city, particularly given the new Opportunity Zone program which has the potential to bring a significant amount of private investment into the city. This brief describes Opportunity Zones and how they can be leveraged to promote equitable development in East Biloxi.

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