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A 10-year summary of the EITC Pooled Fund, detailing The Fund's history, structure, impact, lessons learned, and the work that lies ahead.
A report about Commonwealth's rapid response campaign to changes in the tax code in early 2021, intended as a guide on how to communicate complex policy changes to individuals and families who can benefit most from them, especially lower-income households.
Provides an overview of impact investing and a guide to the challenge of developing it into a major source of the capital, talent, and creativity needed to address social and environmental issues. Includes recommendations and profiles of impact investors.
Presents findings from a state-by-state analysis of trends in income inequality since the late 1980s, and examines the causes of widening inequality, including policy. Recommends state options such as higher minimum wages and more progressive tax systems.
Foundation type, size, staffing patterns, and operating activities are the key factors that consistently drive foundation expense and compensation patterns, according to a new report issued jointly by the Urban Institute, the Foundation Center, and GuideStar. "What Drives Foundation Expenses and Compensation? Results of a Three-Year Study" shows that even under changing or volatile economic conditions, the administrative expense and compensation patterns of U.S. foundations are consistent and predictable. The report presents final results from the first large-scale, long-term study of independent, corporate, and community foundations' expenses and compensation. Key findings include: Foundations differ greatly in their structures, resources, and operating characteristics and these differences significantly affect their expense levels. Employment of staff is the single most important factor affecting expense levels, followed by staff size and level of program activities. Most foundations do not compensate board members; those that do are most often staffed and independent. There is relatively little year-to-year change in the factors that drive expense ratios and in how foundations allocate their charitable administrative expenses.
Since 1997, the Roundtable has been focusing on how the problems associated with race and racism in America affect initiatives aimed at poverty reduction in distressed urban neighborhoods. The Roundtable has explored how race shapes the social, political, economic, and cultural institutions of our society, and how those dynamics produce significant and ongoing racial disparities in the well-being of children, families, and communities. The work also has an applied dimension that describes how to incorporate racial equity into social and economic development work. This publication represents an effort to summarize and share the Roundtable's perspective on racial equity with a broader audience.
"Quality Now! Results of National Conversations on Education and Race" chronicles the experiences of eight communities that convened conversations about education and race involving nearly 1000 participants in more than 60 public forums across the country. "Quality Now!" is a set of strategies and hands-on tools intended to encourage and assist communities interested in holding their own conversations on education and race. By sharing the challenges, lessons learned, and outcomes from the eight initial sites, PEN and Public Agenda hope to amplify and sustain an important dialogue on the critical -- but often hidden -- intersection of education and race. The eight local education funds that sponsored events and forums included:Fund for Educational Excellence - Baltimore, MDForward in the Fifth - Berea, KYEducation Fund for Greater Buffalo - Buffalo, NYPublic Education and Business Coalition - Denver, COPartners in Public Education - Grand Rapids, MIHattiesburg Area Education Foundation - Hattiesburg, MSMarcus A. Foster Educational Institute - Oakland, CAPaterson Education Foundation - Paterson, NJThe efforts in these eight communities generated serious discussion among residents about what kind of communities they would like to inhabit, what kind of education they feel their children need, and what changes in the status quo they will support.
This paper provides new information from an Urban Institute survey of state Medicaid managed care payment methods and rates. In particular, the paper summarizes various payment methodologies used in 41 of the nation's 45 states (including the District of Columbia) with capitated Medicaid managed care programs, and it examines interstate and intrastate variation among payment rates. We begin the paper with a brief review of the history of federal and state attempts to use payment arrangements, including capitated managed care programs, to encourage the provision of "mainstream" health care to low-income populations. We then present results from a nationwide managed care payment survey of voluntary or mandatory capitated Temporary Assistance for Needy Families/Aid to Families with Dependent Children (TANF/AFDC) and TANF/AFDC-related managed care programs. This survey was conducted as part of the Urban Institute's Assessing the New Federalism project. Concluding the paper is a comparison of Medicaid capitation rates with Medicare adjusted average per capita cost rates.
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