This is a public collection of knowledge funded and/or published by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation (WKKF). Views, opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in these publications are those of the authors and their respective organizations. They do not necessarily reflect the views, policies or positions of WKKF.

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Reviving the Deadzone

January 10, 2022

For more than 30 years, scientists have investigated an area of deep water in the Gulf known as a "dead zone," which contains so little oxygen that fish and other marine life flee from it or die (Hazen et al. 2009). In the summer of 2017, it swelled to the size of New Jersey. The size of this area experiencing often fatally low levels of oxygen—what scientists call hypoxia— varies depending upon spring rains and snow melt. These carry large quantities of excess soil nutrients, largely nitrogen, down the Mississippi and Atchafalaya rivers to the Gulf. There, this polluted water sets off a chain reaction of ecological and economic consequences straining the resilience of diverse fishing operations and local communities that depend upon a healthy Gulf for their livelihoods.

Food Systems

How Institutions Can Go Beyond Procurement to Help Build Equitable Food Economies; Institutional Investment: What we’ve learned

January 1, 2022

In order to inform our Institutional Investment Accelerator, Wallace Center partnered with Kitchen Sync Strategies to dig deep into the theory and practice of institutional investment in equitable food systems.

Food Systems

Community Impact

December 23, 2021

The Buckeye Institution-Supported Agriculture (ISA) Project was funded by a $750,000 grant from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. The grant was in recognition of AMP's role in the grassroots formation of the Initiative for Food and AgriCultural Transformation (InFACT) at The Ohio State University, and the commitment that the University made in its sustainability goals. The original goals of Buckeye ISA were: - To leverage Ohio State's goal to increase production and purchase of locally and sustainably sourced food to 40% by 2025 in order to promote more urban farming in economically disadvantaged local communities by providing access to tools, seeds and expertise. - To provide training and workshops to Buckeye ISA households through the Ohio State Franklin County Extension program. - To partner with Nationwide Children's Hospital to use biometric screenings of children and adults from participating households to compare their health before and after participation in the growing and home use of produce through the project. - To streamline the process of aggregating and distributing produce from small producers like households to large institutions like Ohio State. Initiated in 2017, Buckeye ISA sought to create a network of at least 100 low-income households with young children, particularly in communities of color, that grow produce for their own use but also with the option of producing enough to sell to Ohio State, or other outlets. The W.K. Kellogg Foundation's mission is "to create conditions for vulnerable children so they can realize their full potential in school, work and life." When the W.K. Kellogg grant for the Buckeye ISA project was awarded, one of the requirements was that each household involved must have children between 2 and 8 years old. In four years, Buckeye ISA has built a robust network of 6 (originally 7) community liaisons, 3 corporate and 23 non-profit partners to support 126 gardening and farming households with multiple produce selling opportunities at their disposal. 

Food Systems

Participatory State and Regional Food System Plans and Charters in the U.S.: A summary of trends and national directory

August 31, 2021

Completed in August of 2021, this report offers a snapshot of national trends, and a directory of food systems plans and charters that exist at state and regional levels across the United States (see the directory at the end of this document). It is intended to serve as a resource to facilitate network building and co-learning among practitioners leading these efforts and groups interested in launching their own plans and charters. We collected information from plans and charters that are publicly available on websites, and — to the extent possible — followed up with lead organizations or individuals to review information1 relevant to their state. We looked for plans and charters that: a)are systems-based and cross-sector (covering the entire food system), b)propose visions beyond 2021 or that are currently being updated (e.g., the 2005 California plan proposed avision of the food system into 2030), and c)were participatory and collaboratively developed (those that crowdsourced ideas and attempted to mobilizestakeholders throughout the state using numerous strategies such as summits, working groups, etc.).

Food Systems

Losing Ground: Farmland Consolidation and Threats to New and Black Farmers and the Future of Farming

April 15, 2021

Over the past century, farms in the United States have steadily grown in size while dwindling in number. Farm numbers have fallen from a peak of nearly 6.5 million in 1920 to just more than 2 million today, while average farm size has tripled (Dimitri, Effland, and Conklin 2005; USDA NASS 2019a). Farmland consolidation—the trend toward larger, fewer farms—is closely intertwined with another profound change in agriculture: the replacement of labor by capital, in the form of machinery and chemical inputs. This shift toward larger and more capital intensive farms has occurred as a result of public policies and markets that demand and reward maximum yields of a few commodity crops. But this emphasis on productivity has also brought about a complex array of negative social consequences. The consolidation of farmland, in particular, is associated with the barriers faced by new farmers and the hollowing out of rural communities. 

Food Systems

An Annotated Bibliography on Structural Racism Present in the U.S. Food System, Seventh Edition

January 1, 2021

The purpose of this annotated bibliography is to provide current research and outreach on structural racism in the U.S. food system for the food system practitioner, researcher, educator, and advocate. Our intention is to update this resource on a recurring basis. We suggest it be used as a companion resource for training or education sessions on structural racism in the food system.This annotated bibliography on selected resources and publications is focused on structural racism in the U.S. food system. Structural racism in the United States has been defined as the "normalization and legitimization of an array of dynamics—historical, cultural, institutional, and interpersonal—that routinely advantage Whites while producing cumulative and chronic outcomes for people of color." 

Food Systems; Racial Equity and Healing

Iowa Food and Fitness

January 1, 2021

Join the growing number of people in Allamakee, Chickasaw, Clayton, Fayette, Howard and Winneshiek counties working together to create vibrant communities where the healthy choice is the easy choice.  Watch our latest video on how we do this work, TOGETHER. The healthy choice means that every day all people in NE Iowa have access to healthy, locally grown foods and abundant opportunities for physical activity and play.  Food and fitness is important  because no matter where we are, the places where we live, learn, work and play affect our health and quality of life.  Join us.  Take the FFI Health Pledge.This effort is part of the W.K. Kellogg Foundation Food & Community program.  Food & Community invests in community-driven policy and system change projects. 

Food Systems

Findings of the 2019 National Food Hub Survey

December 1, 2020

This report was nearing completion in March 2020 and therefore does not address the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis in detail. Please see the epilogue, on page 44, for the authors' reflections on the role food hubs have played in supporting and enhancing the resiliency of local and regional food systems throughout the pandemic. We encourage readers to consider this context as they read the report, which offers a unique snapshot of pre-COVID food hub operations. 

Food Systems

The Power of Community-based Food Systems: Lessons in Carrying on Deep-rooted Traditions, and Building Community Power in the COVID-19 Era

December 1, 2020

In partnership with Ecotrust, Lake County Community Development Corporation, Dream of Wild Health, and Real Food Media, this interactive digital communications piece amplifies how community organizations in the Northwest region of the country responded to the distinct yet interconnected crises of 2020, and explores what that might mean for our collective future. Through narrative and audio clips, the stories showcased represent how local farms, community-based organizations, and community members are working together in radical new ways to bring forward creative, collaborative, and impactful solutions to restore community-wellbeing and justice through community-based food systems

Food Systems

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